“Mindfulness means the awareness that arises from paying attention in a particular way; on purpose, in the present moment, and non-judgmentally.”
Jon Kabat-Zinn 1990
1. Sustained voluntary attention.
Through practice it allows for the development of positive and nourishing attitudes such as kindness, curiosity, compassion and gratitude (critically, towards oneself as well as towards others). It’s the opposite of forgetfulness or a distracted mind.
2. A great metaphor is that mindfulness is a spotlight.
We can shine the spotlight of our attention in a laser-like manner on a subtle sensation or diffusely attending to a large group of people.
And what are the qualities of a powerful spotlight? Through Mindfulness Training we are cultivating our attention and developing a focused mind and an open attitude.